Araştırma Makalesi
PDF PDF PDF PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 0 - 0, 30.12.2016
https://doi.org/10.1501/nuclear_0000000019

Öz

X-ray is one of the very old yet powerful modalities of diagnostic imaging procedures. Bangladesh has a history of over 80 years of using X-ray for medical diagnostic purposes. But not many of the users were knowledgeable about the potential risks associated with an ionizing radiation like X-ray. To create awareness on radiation safety Bangladesh Government for the first time promulgated nuclear safety and radiation control (NSRC) act in 1993 and corresponding NSRC rules in 1997. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate shielding structure of some diagnostic x-ray facilities in Jessore district of Bangladesh with respect to regulatory standards. Radiation dose levels are also measured at different points in order to investigate the shielding adequacy of the facility. Estimated dose levels were found higher than the regulatory limit (0.5µSv/h) across the entrance door (ED) of 66% facilities. Secondary walls of the X-ray room were found adequately shielded with 10 inch brick wall. The shielding structure of control panel (CP) of the four facilities was not sufficient according to regulation and there were no shielding in the viewing window of CP of two facilities and the amount of lead shielding at the same points of two other facilities was found less than the regulatory requirements (2mm). Only 4 machine operators were found qualified diploma holder radiographer among 16 operators which could affect overall radiation safety features. 

Kaynakça

  • References:
  • NSRC Publication “ Main Report on Regulatory Survey-Inspection of Diagnostic X-ray Machines in Bangladesh”. Regulatory Publication I/II(15-20). Departmental Publication , (2001).
  • Haider.Md. Mofazzal, Hannan. Abdul, Akramuzzaman. Mir. “Radiation safety aspects in diagnostix X-ray facilities in Bangladesh’’. Nucl.Med. 13 109-113 (2010).
  • NCRP Publication 49. “Structural Shielding Design and Evaluation of Medical Diagnostic x-rays and Gamma –rays of Energies up to 10 MeV.” NCRP Rep.49, 1976, Bethesda, MD, 20814.
  • NCRP Publication 147. “Structural Shielding Design for Medical use of x-rays Imaging Facilities.” NCRP Rep. 147, 2004, Bethesda, MD, 20814.
  • Safety Series No. 115. “ International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources”. International Atomic Energy Agency, VIENNA, 1996.
  • Cember Herman. “ Introduction to Health Physics.” McGraw-Hill Professional (2008).
  • Adhikari P. Kanchan, Jha. L.N., Galan P. Montenegro. “ Status of radiation protection at different hospitals in Nepal.” J Med Phys. 37. 240-244 (2012).
  • BAER Act 2012. Bangladesh Atomic Energy Regulatory Act for controlling radiation and nuclear related activities. Law no. 19, (2012).
  • NSRC Rules 1997. “Requirements of radiation shielding according to Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control Rules. Bangladesh Government Gazette, SRO No. 205, (1997).
  • NSRC publication 2002. “ Regulatory guide on radiation protection in medical diagnostic x-ray”. NSRC-XR-G-01, ISBN 984-32-0671-1 (2002).
  • Oluwafisoye, P.A., Obed, I.R., Bisi-Johnson, M.A., Olowookere, C.J., Popoola, A.O., Efunwole, H.O. “ Environmental assessment, instrumentation- quality tests of radiological equipment and human health implications.” Sci.Res.Essays. 8. 2276-2280 (2013).

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 0 - 0, 30.12.2016
https://doi.org/10.1501/nuclear_0000000019

Öz

Kaynakça

  • References:
  • NSRC Publication “ Main Report on Regulatory Survey-Inspection of Diagnostic X-ray Machines in Bangladesh”. Regulatory Publication I/II(15-20). Departmental Publication , (2001).
  • Haider.Md. Mofazzal, Hannan. Abdul, Akramuzzaman. Mir. “Radiation safety aspects in diagnostix X-ray facilities in Bangladesh’’. Nucl.Med. 13 109-113 (2010).
  • NCRP Publication 49. “Structural Shielding Design and Evaluation of Medical Diagnostic x-rays and Gamma –rays of Energies up to 10 MeV.” NCRP Rep.49, 1976, Bethesda, MD, 20814.
  • NCRP Publication 147. “Structural Shielding Design for Medical use of x-rays Imaging Facilities.” NCRP Rep. 147, 2004, Bethesda, MD, 20814.
  • Safety Series No. 115. “ International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources”. International Atomic Energy Agency, VIENNA, 1996.
  • Cember Herman. “ Introduction to Health Physics.” McGraw-Hill Professional (2008).
  • Adhikari P. Kanchan, Jha. L.N., Galan P. Montenegro. “ Status of radiation protection at different hospitals in Nepal.” J Med Phys. 37. 240-244 (2012).
  • BAER Act 2012. Bangladesh Atomic Energy Regulatory Act for controlling radiation and nuclear related activities. Law no. 19, (2012).
  • NSRC Rules 1997. “Requirements of radiation shielding according to Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control Rules. Bangladesh Government Gazette, SRO No. 205, (1997).
  • NSRC publication 2002. “ Regulatory guide on radiation protection in medical diagnostic x-ray”. NSRC-XR-G-01, ISBN 984-32-0671-1 (2002).
  • Oluwafisoye, P.A., Obed, I.R., Bisi-Johnson, M.A., Olowookere, C.J., Popoola, A.O., Efunwole, H.O. “ Environmental assessment, instrumentation- quality tests of radiological equipment and human health implications.” Sci.Res.Essays. 8. 2276-2280 (2013).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

A. Aktar Bu kişi benim


M. Haider Bu kişi benim


S.M. Islam Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ankujns288693, journal = {Journal of Nuclear Sciences}, issn = {2147-7736}, eissn = {2148-3981}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {3}, number = {2}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.1501/nuclear\_0000000019}, title = {Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh}, key = {cite}, author = {Aktar, A. and Haider, M. and Islam, S.M.} }
APA Aktar, A. , Haider, M. & Islam, S. (2016). Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh . Journal of Nuclear Sciences , 3 (2) , 0-0 . DOI: 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019
MLA Aktar, A. , Haider, M. , Islam, S. "Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh" . Journal of Nuclear Sciences 3 (2016 ): 0-0 <http://jns.ankara.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/27456/288693>
Chicago Aktar, A. , Haider, M. , Islam, S. "Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh". Journal of Nuclear Sciences 3 (2016 ): 0-0
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh AU - A. Aktar , M. Haider , S.M. Islam Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019 DO - 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019 T2 - Journal of Nuclear Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - 2147-7736-2148-3981 M3 - doi: 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019 UR - https://doi.org/10.1501/nuclear_0000000019 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Nuclear Sciences Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh %A A. Aktar , M. Haider , S.M. Islam %T Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh %D 2016 %J Journal of Nuclear Sciences %P 2147-7736-2148-3981 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019 %U 10.1501/nuclear_0000000019
ISNAD Aktar, A. , Haider, M. , Islam, S.M. . "Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh". Journal of Nuclear Sciences 3 / 2 (Aralık 2016): 0-0 . https://doi.org/10.1501/nuclear_0000000019
AMA Aktar A. , Haider M. , Islam S. Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh. Journal of Nuclear Sciences. 2016; 3(2): 0-0.
Vancouver Aktar A. , Haider M. , Islam S. Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh. Journal of Nuclear Sciences. 2016; 3(2): 0-0.
IEEE A. Aktar , M. Haider ve S. Islam , "Assessment of Regulatory Requirements in Diagnostic X-Ray Facilities in Bangladesh", Journal of Nuclear Sciences, c. 3, sayı. 2, ss. 0-0, Ara. 2016, doi:10.1501/nuclear_0000000019